What is PMS and how does it feel?
If from time to time you have a strong desire to eat a box of chocolates and to hammer somebody with a hammer at the same time, the face most brazenly attacks pimples and redness, it hurts the stomach, and your favorite jeans are not buttoned up, congratulations, you are a woman and you have PMS. Unfortunately, up to 80% of all women of reproductive age are affected by negative manifestations of PMS, i.e. premenstrual syndrome. If you entered the remaining 20%, hurry to buy a lottery ticket, you are a happy and successful person.
Did you know that the symptoms of premenstrual syndrome are most affected by women whose work involves mental activity? So, if you spend your whole day at the computer, then run to the gym.
Even the most persistent girls in this period can break down and instead of the usual broccoli to eat a huge hamburger.
More than half of the ill-considered purchases are made during the PMS or immediately after its completion. Apparently, women think that shopping is the best medicine.
The women of India and China are simply lucky, because according to statistics in these countries the lowest indicator of manifestations of PMS. And most of all it was given to inhabitants of large Western cities.
Types and forms of PMS
Gynecologists identified about 150 different symptoms of premenstrual syndrome. Each of them can manifest itself with varying strength, can occur in combination with other symptoms.
So, why is this difference in the symptoms of every woman? The fact is that premenstrual syndrome has several different variants of the course.
Consider the four main forms of PMS and the symptoms corresponding to them.
It is characterized by emotional outbursts, mood swings. In one case, a woman can become irritable, aggressive, without a reason to literally rush to others. In another, fall into deep melancholy or even depression. Pouring tears and feeling sorry for yourself.
Typical symptoms – a set of weight, bloating, engorgement of the mammary glands. The face, arms, legs may swell. There is an intolerance of some smells and flavors.
A woman with this form of PMS will not be envied. She is overcome by a severe headache, nausea, emotional depression. Even vomiting or dizziness is possible. Often, a woman may have pain in the heart.
The creeping one
A fairly severe form of PMS, manifests itself with a rapid heartbeat, a feeling of compression under the breast. There may be a feeling of numbness in the hands and feet. Women complain that they can not keep warm, as well as frequent urination.
This form requires medical intervention, since its frequent companion is a heightened fear of death, which leads to severe psychoemotional disorders.
Causes of premenstrual syndrome
Despite all the efforts of physicians, the reasons for the emergence of PMS can be called very conditional. There are several theories designed to explain the nature of this unpleasant state.
The first and most fully disclosed is hormonal theory. In it, medical scientists tried to explain the occurrence of edema, pain in the heart and headache with PMS excess estrogen hormone. In large quantities, it detains fluid in the body, which leads to swelling. abdomen, temporary “disappearance” of the waist, as well as swelling of the hands and feet.
The most common symptoms of PMS in women
But the aggressive or depressed state is explained by the ability of estrogen to accumulate in the limbic system, which affects our emotional background.
The following theory holds that ICP occurs when violations of the water-salt balance in the body. It is with it that edema is formed.
In addition to these theories, various doctors tend to look for the causes of PMS in the lack of certain vitamins, anomalies in the development of internal organs, and the transferred diseases.
Most likely, the cause of a premenstrual symptom is a combination of several factors, individual for each woman.
Treatment of premenstrual syndrome
Is it possible to relieve PMS without medication? If your condition during this period can not be called severe, but the symptoms give you a lot of unpleasant sensations, try non-drug ways.
First, reduce the workload. Do not work or play sports for long. The best option is to alternate work and easy charging. Walk well in the open air. In order not to worsen your emotional state try to avoid stresses and conflicts.
Next, revise your diet these days. Eliminate spicy, fried, salty and too fatty. Drink enough pure water instead of coffee and tea, and give up alcohol. Suitable infusions of chamomile, mint, melissae, they have a calming effect. It is not necessary to lean on the sweet, despite the fact that the body for sure and requires to eat a chocolate bar. Eat fruit, nuts, honey.
In addition, to facilitate the symptoms of PMS will help complete sleep and vitamin therapy.
Treatment of premenstrual syndrome with drugs
If the symptoms of PMS severely spoil your life and no diet and sleep do not help you, you should seek the help of specialists to take a survey and find out what medication can help ease your condition.
The doctor gynecologist on the basis of the diagnosis can prescribe the treatment of PMS different types of drugs.
- NSAIDs (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs);
- Hormonal drugs that either block the function of the ovaries, eliminate PMS, or alleviate its condition and discomfort;
- Sedative and psychotropic drugs are designed to relieve a depressed state, reduce aggression, irritability and anxiety;
- Diuretics – are prescribed for edema;
- Hypotensive drugs, will help reduce blood pressure.
All medications should be prescribed by your health care provider in accordance with the characteristics and severity of the symptoms.